The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus. The uterus is a hollow organ, pear-shaped, which is located in women lower abdomen, between the bladder and rectum. It is where the fetus develops and grows. The cervix forms a channel that opens into the vagina, which leads out of the body. The lining of the cervix is continuous with the vagina and is called ectocervix, while the covering cervical canal or duct, which leads to uterine cavity is called endocervix. Most tumors occur in the junction of the endocervix with ectocervix. Cervical cancer develops when normal cells in the cervix begin to change and grow uncontrollably. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas; they are named for the type of cells where it originated. Cervical cancer occurs most often in women between 40 and 55 years old. At this age, many women affected have family and work commitments, so its impact on society is not negligible.
Most women have no signs or symptoms when having pre-cancers or in the early stages of cervical cancer disorders. Cervical cancer symptoms usually do not appear until the cancer has invaded other tissues or organs.
It may have the following symptoms:
– Spotting or light bleeding between menstruation and menstruation or after it.
– longer and heavier than usual menstrual bleeding
– bleeding after intercourse or during the pelvic examination by the doctor.
– Pain during intercourse
– Bleeding after menopause (postmenopausal uterine bleeding).
– Increased vaginal discharge
When these symptoms appear, we must pay attention as those resemble to less serious diseases. Early diagnosis, especially in the precancerous stage, improves the chances of cure. If any of these symptoms occur, you should tell your doctor as soon as possible.
Globally, the areas of highest incidence and mortality are for the least developed countries: Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia. The most economically developed countries have a lower incidence.
The HPV virus, which follows the route of sexual transmission is the main causal agent.
Through the combined effect of screening along with treatment from the earliest stages of the disease, mortality from cervical cancer has declined significantly over the last fifty years in developed countries.
The five-year survival (percentage of women who survive at least five years after the cancer is detected, excluding those who die from other diseases) for all stages of cervical cancer is 71%. When detected at an early stage, invasive cervical cancer has a five-year survival of 92%.
Heart disease affects 82 million people in the United States, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) with about 2,200 people that die each day in the country from cardiovascular diseases, reveals the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked, because there is accumulated fat in the arteries, causing cell death, indicating the National Library of Medicine (NLM). There are many causes and risk factors as smoking, sedentary, and having a diet high in calories, sodium and saturated fat. Therefore, it is necessary to educate people for adopting a healthy lifestyle and getting them aware that heart disease is highly preventable. A good start to care for your heart is by following a healthy diet. To do so, it is important to know what foods you can reduce or avoid.
To get an optimum heart health, adult’s diet must feature no more than 2,000 calories, less than 1,500 milligrams of sodium, less than 16 grams of saturated fat and 300 milligrams of cholesterol (check the list of top high cholesterol foods). Any burger chain triple these numbers.
The AHA recommends it aside. Bacon is a high fat and high cholesterol food that is mostly made from pork belly and the fatback (a fatty pork back cut). A half pound is made of 84 percent fat and has too many calories (over 1000) and lots of salt while having few nutrients.
3. Industrial Sandwiches
Preparations in chains or supermarkets are often unhealthy. And sausages are the worst option for the heart: pure fat and salt. The AHA suggests choosing deli sandwiches with vegetables. Tomato, lettuce and onion, of course, are always welcome.
The problem with donuts is not only their high caloric content, but also their high content of “trans” fats, which are the top high cholesterol culprit and very detrimental to good blood flow. 75 percent of “trans” fats we consume come from commercial bakery products.
5. Industrial Fries
Like donuts, French fries from chain restaurants have much trans fats, which harm heart health. And again, salt, the other enemy appears: a median portion of a fast food chain can contain up to 1,200 milligrams.
6. Sweet Snacks
They are the number one enemy for your weight. To replace them, the AHA recommends: fruits, carrots and celery in pieces that are easy to eat and to get a good sense of satiety. And do not forget raisins, a sweet and healthy alternative to sugary and unhealthy snacks.
Cholesterol, a vital component of our body but falsely perceived! Have you always believed to the common idea of “the lower, the healthier” in regards to cholesterol levels? Well, the next time your physician says that and wants to put you on statins, tell him that he is wrong! It is time to overcome this cholesterol myth!
The cholesterol-lowering hysteria started in the mid-80s when it has been identified as risk factor of heart disease, and drugs companies to profit from the huge market of statins, amplified that hysteria with national awareness campaign spreading the mantra of “lower your cholesterol to avoid heart attack and stroke”. Of course millions of people fell in that scheme – nobody wants to die of sudden death.
Is cholesterol really dangerous? The answer is NO! It is produced by the liver, then travels in the circulatory system performing a variety of essential functions. It contributes greatly in the manufacture of primary human hormones for instance testosterone and estrogen, the synthesis of vitamin D, the creation and maintenance of cell membranes. All these functions are definitely vital for overall health.
Can high cholesterol cause heart attack? The answer is not a straight YES! Excessive LDL cholesterol levels in addition to calcium and other particles can build up in plaque that may obstruct arteries inhibiting the blood flow that may result in heart attack. But, cholesterol is only one of the many factors that can contribute to heart disease. These are some of the other culprits: hypertension, smoking, diabetic issues, alcohol, caffeine or drug abuse, stress, some OTC and prescription medications. In fact, many people die of heart attack while having normal cholesterol levels.
Should you take medication to lower your cholesterol levels? The answer is NO, NO and NO. Even though these cholesterol-lowering drugs “could possibly reduce” heart attacks or strokes risks, this obsession with cholesterol reduction absolutely disregards the negative effects that can arise with low cholesterol on our health, especially mental health.
Research studies have established a link between low cholesterol and depression along with many impulsive actions such as brutality and suicide.
– In 1993, a scientific study on men of 70 years old and more, unconditionally revealed that depression was 3 times more prevalent in men with low total serum cholesterol compared with the group with high levels.
– Another study on men of 40 to 70 years old revealed that the group with low total cholesterol in long-term have an increased occurrence of depressive symptoms than men with higher levels of cholesterol.
– Women also are not spared from depression when they have low cholesterol levels. This has been proved by a Swedish research including 300 women of 31 to 65 years old, all in good health. The study determined that women that have the lowest cholesterol experienced considerably more depressive symptoms compared to the others.
Why do I believe in the exactness of these studies? Because I have personally experienced the impacts of low cholesterol on mental health.
Alicia’s sad story in few words
Last year, Alicia, happy wife and mother of two girls, went to her old doctor for her annual physical exam (“old doctor” because after what happened to her, she would be fool to keep him). When she got her lipid panel results, the doctor said her total cholesterol is 225 mg/dl over the recommended level of 200. He put her on statin as prevention to heart disease he said. Few weeks later, her levels started to get down and the doctor was happy! “Keep on taking your medication and let get your cholesterol low”, he said. But, while she was following the treatment, her mood was declining. Anxiety, depression and violent behaviors follow. Her work was affected, so was her marriage and her relationship with her kids. Thankfully, her husband was patient, strong and lovely enough to support her in that awful period. For the first time of her life, Alicia went to a psychologist. Fortunately, he was clever enough, after evaluating many aspects of her life, to ask if she was taking any sort of medication and especially a cholesterol-lowering medication! “YES! What’s wrong with that? She said. Alicia was totally shocked to hear the truth. Today, she is recovering slowly and feeling better since she has stopped taking these poisons.
In conclusion, what to do when you have high cholesterol? How to get it back to normal levels? First of all, don’t be obsessed with that! Simply, follow a healthier diet like this low cholesterol diet in 15 steps by CholesterolMenu.com, avoiding processed foods loaded with trans fats and eating more fruits, veggies, omega-3 rich fish and whole grains. Exercise more on a regular basis, limit alcohol and stop smoking.