Important Facts about Ovarian Cancer: Risk Factors and Symptoms

picture of ovarian cancer stages

The ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor born in any part of the ovary. See real pictures of the disease at http://www.drjenniferashton.com/ovarian-cancer-pictures/. The ovary is a very complex organ that can seat numerous tumors of very different morphological range, some of which are equipped with hormone function, which explains the wide variety of classifications. The most common location is in the epithelium covering the ovary. It also develops from the germ cells or connective tissue around the ovary. The risk of developing ovarian cancer is directly correlated with abnormalities in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2.

Risk factors

The drugs used for ovarian stimulation in the treatment of sterility for more than one year, as the Clomiphene, increase the incidence of ovarian cancer. Meanwhile, the labor, the use of oral contraceptives, the tubal ligation and hysterectomy reduce the incidence of ovarian cancer (by a yet unknown mechanism). Some are still missing evidence in association with ovarian cancer, factors including exposure to talc and asbestos, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), a diet rich in fat and toxic factors such as tobacco, alcohol , coffee and ionizing radiation. If a woman’s mother and / or sister suffered from ovarian, breast or uterine cancer, she has a higher risk of developing the disease. Also, women who have suffered cysts or endometriosis.

Source: http://www.drjenniferashton.com/ovarian-cancer-causes-risk-factors/

Symptoms or signs of ovarian cancer

Usually, ovarian cancer does not produce symptoms at the beginning. That is why, most cases are detected when the disease is advanced, but if detected at an early stage can improve the prognosis. Here are the signs women should pay attention to and quickly seek medical attention if they are recurrent or last long.

– Abdominal distension
– Having difficulty to eat or feeling full fast
– Pain in abdomen and pelvis region

There are also other misleading symptoms common in women with cancer that also occur with ovarian cancer.

– Abnormal menstrual cycles
– Digestive symptoms such as constipation, increased gas, indigestion, appetite loss, nausea and vomiting;
– Sense of pelvic heaviness
– Strained abdomen or belly
– Lower abdominal discomfort
– Unexplained back pain that worsens over time
– Loss or gain of weight.

Other symptoms that can occur with this disease:
– Hirsutism: abnormal and excessive hair growth on body parts where hair should not occur or should be minimal;
– Increased urinary frequency or urgency.

Source: http://www.drjenniferashton.com/ovarian-cancer-symptoms/